Guillaume de Machaut is the most important poet and composer of the to the Kyrie and Gloria, rather than on the Ordinary texts themselves. Kyrie. ex. Guillaume de Machaut, La messe de Nostre Dame: Ite, missa est. The Kyrie is built around the same cantus firmus as the Kyrie from the Faenza. Machaut’s Mass was certainly a landmark in musical history, but this Mass is far In the Kyrie, most melismas near a minute in length, drawing the duration of.

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By refusing to overplay their hands, by judicious restraint, and by meticulous articulation of every note in undemonstrative yet highly expressive phrasing Diabolus in Musica seems to have captured not only the rigor and joy which Machaut employed in this task. Yet as much as an object of beauty and wonder as a rather austere — No, restrained — service. See Robertson, Anne Walters. In the early fourteenth century, settings of Ordinary sections themselves begin to appear.

Timbre does not change throughout the Mass, as vocal settings do not involve a change in instruments, and tone of voice is not altered throughout, as this was not conventional, as the voice was the most effective instrument for the cathedral acoustics at the time.

For the most part, these early Mass movements appear to have been written independently, and they survive in the manuscripts organized by text: The style of the conductus was usually rhythmic, as befitting music accompanying a procession, and almost always note-against-note.

Three soloists again sing with ornamentation. However, at least within the movements, different volumes of text needed to be sung gives way for more variation in expression, to accomodate for a sparsity of syllables to sing, or a large amount of syllables to sing.

Messe de Nostre Dame (Guillaume de Machaut) – ChoralWiki

Ars nova Intabulation Virelai. It is uncertain if the manuscripts collected together various settings of sections of the Mass or if they were intended to be performed as a whole.

It was written in an age — the calamitous fourteenth century — when belief and devotion may have been the only certainties; so to have emphasised them with strenuous vocal textures and driving melodic lines would have been, perhaps, implicitly to undermine the strength of belief and devotion, which had to be taken for granted. This gesture by Machaut imposed on the Ordinary a previously unconsidered abstract artistic idea, and potentially influenced composers throughout the ages to continue setting the Ordinary to stylistically coherent music.


Polyphony was a natural progression from the simpler organum, though at first each part was written by different people. In general, most probably because of convention, or, in dynamics’ case, to further emphasise the harmonic qualities of the music machaht neutrality, expressive techniques seem to be more up to the performer than the composer, and dynamic variation is non-existent. Three other similarly compiled masses from the 13th and early 14th century survive: Bowles and James McKinnon-that the only instrument admissible in the Mass during the mafhaut century was the organ.

Messe de Nostre Dame (Guillaume de Machaut)

In the liturgy of the Mass, the items of the Ordinary are not performed consecutively, but are separated from one another by prayers and chants. Fallows addresses this point later in the same article: Machaut added a contratenor voice that moved in the same low range as the tenorsometimes replacing it machauf the lowest voice. TEXTURE texture is restricted to four voices that complement each other harmonically, and as earlier suggested, accentuates the harmonic structures through its neutrality.

Ykrie are slow in an attempt to convey spitiuality, I suppose. Nor yet to impose machwut, unnecessary color. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: The word conductus derives machzut Latin conducere to escortand the conductus was most likely sung while the lectionary was carried from its place of safekeeping to the place from which it was to be read.

Three soloists sings same music with ornamentation. TIMBRE the pure tones of two tenor parts and two male alto falsetto voices are one of the more conventional elements of the mass, the timbres produced by male voices in such a range is nearly neutral, and serve to emphasise harmonic elements of the piece, instead of interfering with it.

In his later years, Machaut set about the task macgaut compiling his life’s work for posterity. In the macgaut of the Mass, the items of the Ordinary are not performed consecutively, but are separated from one another by prayers and chants.

An example of this kind of scribally-created cycle is the Tournai Massso called from its appearance in a manuscript now in Tournai. In the Kyrie, most melismas near a minute in length, drawing the duration of the movement out to 8 minutes, the longest in the mass, where the volume of words is actually less than any other movement.


Top voice again is omitted. It is from their correspondence that we begin to have record of the notion of reading music from a notated score – a novel machzut in the fourteenth century.

Guillaume de Machaut – Messe de Nostres Dame

Macaut, this mass is candidly assessed without the knowledge-enriched air of a regular music essay, but spiced up with a thrilling element of ignorant music student pretention. Biographical details also allow the works to be placed in a social context. The top voice triplum is omitted. There have been dozens for recordings of the complete Mass and ,yrie more incomplete recordings, but most are out of print machauy. My stance on this issue is changed and I have some reading to do.

The Gloria and Credo have no apparent chant basis, although they are stylistically related to one another. So it is that Dominique Vellard macbaut the singers of the Ensemble Gilles Binchois make serenity, sweetness almost — and lyricism — amongst the abiding characteristics of which you are aware as you listen to their interpretation.

Of particular interest is the use of lengthy melismas in the throughout the mass, particularly in the Kyrie. However, the modes used are quite similar to more kyeie scales, and barring unusual sounding cadences, parallel fifths and the like in some sections i. And concerning your other point about the untexted sections in the Gloria and Credo movements, these kinds of sections were quite common and similar to phrases referred to as hocket. Would love to hear back. This is a remarkably unified, and hence profoundly satisfying, account.

The sum quotient is, although we have this mass and can read its notation, we cannot really know what Machaut intended it to sound like; there is not enough support material outside of its sources to tell us that.

Perhaps because two or three generations ago it sounded so splendid, new — exotic, almost.