It identifies its author by the names ‘Kauṭilya’ and ‘Vishnugupta’, both names that are traditionally identified with Chanakya (c. – BC), who was a scholar. He is considered the author of the Arthashastra, meaning a texts on wealth. Historically, the Kautilya’s work carries a great significance because it is an important. The Arthashastra [Kautilya] on *FREE* Chanakya Neeti ; The Erudite Thoughts of the Great Scholar, the Economist, the Strategist. Chanakya.

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The same kind of punishments shall be meted out to a woman who, moved with jealousy or hatred, shows cruelty to her husband. Most of the empires of the world relied on tight centralization to ensure some degree of success.

When the degree of progress is the same in pursuing peace chanaoya waging war, peace is to be preferred. DuringShamasastry published English translations of the text in installments, in journals Channakya Antiquary and Mysore Review.


Hence one who is possessed of ministerial qualifications, acquainted with all kinds of customs, smart in composition, good in legible writing, and sharp in reading shall be appointed as a writer.

He who defiles a willing virgin shall pay a fine of 54 panas, while the maiden herself shall pay a fine of half the amount. It is not just a normative text but a realist description of the art of running a state”. Special Shares of Inheritance Goats shall be the special shares of the eldest of sons, arthashqstra of the same mother, among Brahmans; horses among Kshatriyas; cows among Vaisyas; and sheep among Shudras.

If he is not ready with his defense within that time, he shall be punished with a fine ranging from three to twelve panas. Sovereignty Theories of political behavior Political psychology Biology and political orientation Political organisations Foreign electoral intervention.

This was probably the most interesting part of the book to me. When a person causes abortion in pregnancy by striking, or medicine, or by annoyance, the highest, middlemost, and first amercements shall be imposed arthasyastra.

Leaving out arthasyastra question at issue, either of the parties takes resort to another; his previous statement is not consistent with his subsequent one; he insists on the necessity of considering the opinion of a third person, though it is not worthy of any such consideration; having commenced to answer the question at issue, he breaks off at once, even though he is ordered to continue; he introduces questions other than those specified by himself; he withdraws his own statement; he does not accept what his own witnesses have deposed to; kaufilya he holds secret conversations with his witnesses where he ought not to do chqnakya constitute the offence of parokta.


The Arthashastra’s views on foreign policy the ‘Six-Fold Policy’ is a clear forerunner to the modern school of ‘realism’, based on the premise that states act only in their own interests and how to advance their own interests. View all 6 comments.

There is no doubt, states Olivelle, that “revisions, errors, additions and perhaps even subtractions have occurred” in Arthashastra since its final redaction in CE or earlier.

Kautilya’s Arthashastra is an excellent treatise on statecraft, economic policy and military strategy. Punishment kautilyz Violating Justice He who causes a Brahman to partake of whatever food or drink is prohibited shall be punished with the highest amercement.

It discusses the ethics of economics and the duties and obligations of a king. Reading About the World, Vol. Fine for parokta is five times the amount of the suit.

We should never forget that the Kaurilya means by the “state” an order of society which is not created by the king or the people, but which they exist to secure. For committing intercourse with a woman outside a village, or for spreading false report regarding such things, double the usual fines shall be imposed. But, as a teacher of chanakga statecraft, he advocated unethical methods in the furtherance of national interest, but always with very strict qualification.

The verses should be read in the order Kautilya arrayed than in this re-arranged fashion that helps to make much better sense of ti, but somehow takes away the spirit.

I would recommend this over Machiavelli as an introduction to classical realist thought, as it offers the more complete guide to how a ruler interested in power aggrandisement should govern both domestically and externally following realist principles. If the annoyance is due to feces and urine, the fine shall be double.

The Arthashastra by Kautilya

He shall, therefore, personally arthashastfa to the business of gods, of heretics, of Arthaxhastra learned in the Vedas, of cattle, of sacred places, of minors, the aged, the afflicted, and the helpless, and of kaktilya all this in order of enumeration or according to the urgency or pressure of those works. Concerning Marriage and Women Marriage is the basis of all disputes.


These statements shall then be thoroughly scrutinized. The same fine shall be meted out not only to a tenant who, though asked to evacuate, resides in the house, but also to the owner who forces out a renter who has paid his rent from his house, unless the renter is involved in such acts as defamation, theft, robbery, abduction, or enjoyment with a false title.

Disputes concerning Vastu are dependent for settlement on the evidences to be furnished by people living in the neighborhood. Shamasastrykautulya published it in I only w Other than providing a perspective on governing a petty kingdom in the Subcontinent between BC and AD, there is hardly anything worthwhile to say about this book.

Arthashastra – Wikipedia

A man who commits adultery with a woman of low caste shall be banished, with prescribed marks branded on his forehead, or shall be degraded to the same caste. Public policy doctrine Domestic and foreign policy Civil society Public interest. Although I obviously arthasgastra comment on the details of modern intelligence methods, I was surprised by the variety of his methods.

If a king is energetic, his subjects will be equally energetic. And this immutability of problems and of solutions is precisely why the level of detail that Kautilya goes into is still arthzshastra for government officials, administrators and citizens. Any text on Arthashastra thus has to contain iautilya of the organization of the kautilga service as well as the duties and responsibilities of individual officials.

If after obtaining these two things she remarries another, she shall be caused to pay them back together with interest on their value. Retrieved 18 October The just and victorious king administers justice in accordance with Dharma established lawSanstha customary lawNyaya edicts, announced law and Vyavahara evidence, conduct. If the plaintiff runs away, he shall be guilty of parokta.

Crime and punishment It is power arthasuastra power alone which, only when exercised by the king with impartiality and in proportion to guilt either over his son or his enemy, maintains both this world and the next. Agriculture on privately owned land was taxed at the rate of See 2 questions about The Arthashastra….