based argument in “Autonomy, toleration, and the harm principle. excluding it is one of the goals of Joseph Raz’s autonomy-based argument in “Autonomy. Joseph Raz aligns practices with harms in a different way w person who fails to See “Autonomy, Toleration, and the Harm Principle,” in Issue. Philosophy, ed. First, it is essential for the concept of toleration that the tolerated beliefs .. Raz, J. , , “Autonomy, Toleration, and the Harm Principle,” in S.

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And the list of such resources, speaking both historically and systematically, is long.

Autonomy, toleration and the harm principle | University of St Andrews

Any concrete use of the concept of toleration is always situated in particular contexts of normative and political conflict, especially in societies that are transforming towards increased religious, ethical and cultural pluralism — even more so when societies are marked by an increased awareness of such pluralism, with some cultural groups raising new claims for auutonomy and others looking at their co-citizens with suspicion, despite having lived together for some time in the past.

An Elusive VirtuePrinceton: Even if one restricts oneself to the prknciple law, there are many methods short of imprisonment which can affect options, but which may not leave the convicted criminal short of an adequate range of valuable options.

Many, however, challenge the former view and assert there is something in the nature of human morality itself that should lead us to conclude that principled limits to the law do exist. University of California Press. In each case, the limits of toleration seem either arbitrary or too narrow, as in the esteem conception, which only allows toleration of those beliefs and practices that can be ane valued.


The most common context for the invocation of the harm principle is the criminal law. It is important to keep in autpnomy that the normatively dependent concept of toleration itself does not provide such a justification; this has to come from other normative resources. Part of his sentence required him to wear an electronic tag.

It is necessary to differentiate between a general concept and more specific conceptions of toleration see also Forst Giving rsz adequate reason then is not a matter of simply deferring to the views of others. This view has been highly influential. A DebateNew York: In each case the law has overreached itself. It must coerce, when it coerces, neutrally between such understandings.

In his parable of the rings tolration goes back to medieval precursors in the play Nathan the WiseG. This is best explained with the conceivable, if practically unlikely, possibility of the willing slave: The Morality of Freedom Author s: An exercise of love for the other who errs, a strategy of preserving power by offering some form of freedom to minorities, a term for the peaceful coexistence of different faiths who share a common core, another word for the respect for individual liberty, a postulate of practical reason, or the ethical promise of a productive pluralistic society.


From this it follows that the reasons for objection must be reasonable in a minimal sense; they cannot be generally shareable, of course, but they must also not rest on irrational prejudice and hatred. Devlin’s main point was to argue that this specific theoretical conclusion did not stand up. Less serious forms of coercion disrespect persons and express contempt for them. Autonomy requires an adequate range of options, that is, a reasonable diversity of social forms available to choose from.

In all the examples mentioned above the aims sought may not materialize.


Freedom and Autonomy

The third point is no help either. Perhaps what this shows is ra one of the key functions of the harm principle needs to be restricted in scope.

However, it is also clear there are many more forms of coercion in regular use to back up criminal proscriptions than simple imprisonment: If it could, perhaps their views might be safely ignored. Now clearly if a comprehensive doctrine such as natural law theory with its robust conception of the good life can pass the test, the test is likely to be a blunt instrument. On the other hand if one tries to restrain in principle the State’s recourse to moral argument, ruling out of consideration certain kinds of argument based on moral truth, the challenge is to do this on a satisfying basis that is not merely ad hoc.

Classical, Early, and Medieval Plays and Playwrights: The moralist has been branded a kill-joy and, more darkly, an inquisitor. I think the argument is best split into halves: Seen historically, toleration has been many things: For now the situation is not one of an authority or majority in relation to a minority, but one of groups that are roughly equal in power, and who see that for the sake of social peace and the pursuit of their own interests mutual toleration is the best of all possible alternatives the Augsburg Peace Treaty of is a historical example.

Four Conceptions of Toleration 3.