INTRODUCTION: FRIEDRICH KITTLER’S LIGHT SHOWS John Durham Peters Optical Media may be Friedrich Kittler’s best book for the uniniti- ated. It is breezy . Optical Media provides an accessible introduction to the media theory of Kittler’s middle period as it applies primarĀ¬ ily to the optical realm. (Kittler’s chief interest. Optical Media by Friedrich A. Kittler, , available at Book Depository with free delivery worldwide.

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Kittler takes Heidegger as the godfather of technical reflection and as his philosophical master. This ancestral line appropriately casts the light of war on the lanterna magica following Michel Foucault.

To get to this, as well as the relationship between media and war, I will opticaal with the example of photography and quote an extremely early passage frommedua which as far as I can see something like media-technical information appears for the first time.

It was the unique medium that set other media free. Shannon was able to answer this question thanks to mathematics and its elegance. Technologies of the Fine Arts 2.

It was the motion frievrich, whose arrival finally made the peep show stage of illusions, which had prevailed since the baroque, once and for all look old, and it developed into the great rival of all theaters. Yet denying agency or subjectivity to people does not affect the two genders in the same way.

Optical Media

This also allows us to grasp the history of optical potical more precisely: Full text of ” Kittler, Friedrich A. He prefers to focus on turning points rather than the long state of play in between the drama.

John Durham Peters, University of Iowa show kittlwr. To stick to the chronology, the question arises as to how the new optical media changed literature via theater. The sixth and eighth rules of these Roman supplements read as follows: But in Optical Media, war is still the mother of all things. It is astonishing that the anecdote about the optically deceived birds has returned today in the form of a scientific theory: Except for the quotation of short passages for the purpose of criticism and review, no part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise, without the prior permission of the publisher.

Romance is the circulation of handwritten notes with occasional contact among bodies.

We will not dwell on this manual limitation, but rather we will stress that the number of drawings and images generated with the aid of a camera kkittler is probably beyond the wildest dreams of a hermeneutic history of art. You are commenting using your Twitter account. And when one kittler that contemporary novelists like Thomas Pynchon who will play the role of a principal witness for film and television in these lectures have had all photographs of themselves destroyed, it is possible to measure the abyss between literature and optical media.

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But above all, there exists in every epoch of optical media good reason to name their strategic relationship to the enemy, that is, the written word.

Optical Media : Friedrich A. Kittler :

That is all I will say about theater studies for the time being, but I will return to this topic when the introduction of new technical light sources comes up. And for what he had to show of the sky, that is, where the walls in the painting stand out against the open air, he used burnished silver so that the actual air and sky would be reflected in it and the clouds also, which were thus seen moving on the silver when the wind blew.

After examining this history, Kittler then addresses the ways in which images were first stored and made to move through the development of photography and film. The issue thus becomes not only which forms of competition film provoked for novelists – since they are all somewhere between the extremes of having their work adapted or rejected by the film industry – but also the new status of books themselves under audiovisual conditions.

In any case, for all media the technical specifications must aim to reduce the level of noise in the channel – eliminating noise altogether is impossible – and increase the level of signal. Scholarly Extremities Robert Boyle, the great experimentalist of the seventeenth century, famously invented a new kind of writing, the scientific report.

The local aim of such arguments is also to prove clearly that Humboldt University is fully justified in joining the disciplines of 22 PREFACE media history, art history, musicology, and theater studies into a single faculty.

To make this brief thesis seem optixal, 1 will give you two extremely opposed historical examples: On the fgiedrich hand, as you well know, with regard to even the most devout techniques resulting in ecstasy the established church in Rome has been and still is easily and justifiably suspicious of heresy. That may be klttler true, but it is methodologically unacceptable. To feel in opticcal the heat of the flames that play on and burn the [damned] souls.


He discusses the competitive relationship between photography and painting as well as between film and theater, as innovations like the Baroque proscenium or “picture-frame” stage evolved from elements that would later constitute cinema.

And take pleasure in doing so: For when it can be shown that precisely the civilian and private use of video recorders has arisen from such security systems, it also becomes clear how artificial the dividing line between mass media and high technology is and how much it hinders the analysis of connections. Apparently, the Holy See decided pptical that time to avoid any kjttler scandals in the future, like Galileo or Giordano Bruno; in any case, Kircher rose to become a kind of scientific fire brigade for the Pope: About the Author Friedrich Medja.

But this eye was as unGreek as it was unchristian. Top Create a free website or blog at WordPress. At this point, though, I immediately recognize my own limits: In spite of all the metamorphoses of art scholars into engineers, can there be a history of technology at all within the context of cultural studies?

The first-order simulation was thus able to fool the eyes of animals, while the second-order simulation was also able to fool the eyes of humans. To do this he used not canvas – the material basis of all painting – but rather paper. Ottilien, but Kircher began to reel them off at time-lapse speed and they began, if you will, to move.

The answer, I suspect, lies in the concept of optical transmission itself. The most radical of all his claims is to reread all human organs as kinds of media apparatus; these organs are not only the eyes friefrich ears.

Writing had a monopoly on recording. Less charitable readers can find the style arrogant or obscurantist. The first requirement for any good structuralist is a gift for discovering surprising categories and stunning analogies, and Kittler has this gift in spades.

To an outsider, the vehemence of his attacks seems out of proportion, especially since criedrich shares with Adorno interests in inscription systems and technologies of sound, and an understanding of music as a field of play between excess and obedience. The first painter, who was named Zeuxis, created a painting with remarkably realistic-looking grapes.