Datura inoxia showing typical symptoms of Begomovirus infection (i.e., leaf curling, decreased leaf size and growth stunting) was observed in the fields of. D. inoxia, known as Toloache in Mexico, was one of the plants of the gods among the Aztecs and other Indians. A low-growing, spreading perennial with hairy *Datura inoxia Miller, Gard. Dict. 8th edn, no. 5 (). T: Cultivated from seeds collected in Vera Cruz, Mexico, Chelsea Phys. Gard. no. ; neo: BM, fide A.S. .

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Seeds 4—5 mm long, brown. Set plants out after last frost date. Datura ferox and Datura stramonium common thornapple produce erect capsules on straight stalks which contain black or grey seeds. This taxon has not yet been assessed.

Factsheet – Datura inoxia (Downy Thorn Apple)

Bracteole number Apiaceae 0 Bracts in plantain Plantago NA Final leaf segment length to width ratio compound lvs only 0 Final leaf segment width compound lvs only 0 mm Hairs on underside of leaf the underside of the leaf is fuzzy or hairy Leaf arrangement alternate: To leave a comment please Register or login here All comments need to be approved so will not appear immediately.

QR Codes are barcodes that can be read by mobile phone smartphone cameras.

The capsule stalk bends sharply downwards. It cannot grow in the shade.

Pronounced amnesia is another commonly reported effect. For more information about QR Codes click here. Persistent base of calyx to 20 mm long, very prominent.

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Style 10—14 cm long; stigma well datkra anthers. They serve no datua purpose and possess characteristics that are harmful to humans, animals or the environment and several Australian states. Missouri Botanical Garden Shaw Blvd. In Australia, a weed of disturbed areas in all states except Tasmania. The currently-accepted botanical name for this plant is Datura innoxiain spite of the fact that inxoia references spell it Datura inoxia.

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All parts of Datura plants contain dangerous levels of poison and may be fatal if ingested adtura humans and other animals, including livestock and pets.

Stout annual herb, tomentose with erect, glandular hairs. Datura inoxia readily escapes from gardens where it is being cultivated. Noxious Weeds of Australia. All parts of the plant emit a foul odor similar to rancid peanut butter when crushed or bruised, although most people find the fragrance of the flowers to be quite pleasant when they bloom at night. All spines nearly the ihoxia length up to 1 cm long. Facts About Downy thorn-apple is introduced in North America. It is known by its allucinogenic poison and the fact that it can be passed on to the honey and comb of local wasps.

Especially in areas with hot summers, it is worthwhile trying a sowing outdoors in situ in mid to late spring. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Datura inoxia. There can easily be a 5: Consistent follow-up work is required for sustainable management.

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Each flower will unravel in the evening to inozia a fragrant trumpet-shaped bloom that only lasts until noon the following day.

It is widely naturalized in the tropics and increasingly in temperate Europe and North America. An image of a plant of D. Deadheading flowers is not necessary. It prefers dry or moist soil.

Catalogue of Life website. Modern authorities state that the inoxia form literally means “not noxious”, which certainly does not seem to apply to the highly poisonous Datura. Some people find the flowers fragrant at night, when the plant is blooming. If prevention is no longer possible, it is best to treat the weed infestations when they are small inoxiq prevent them from establishing early detection and rapid response.


These wide variations make Datura exceptionally hazardous to use as a drug. Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland. Haegi showing shape of corolla and limb of corolla spread flat to show lobes lacumens and interacuminal lobules.

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Datura inoxia (downy thorn-apple): Go Botany

When cultivatedthe plant is usually grown from seed, but its perennial rhizomes can be kept from freezing and planted in the spring of the following year. Not listed as a noxious weed by the state or governments in Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda. Brugmansia species may be confused with Datura species. Any use of this plant should be with extreme caution and under the supervision of a qualified practitioner since the toxic dose is very close to the medicinal dose.

It is native to S. When using any herbicide always read the label first and follow all instructions and safety requirements. A fact sheet for this species can be downloaded from the SA eFlora site. Massachusetts not applicable S-rank: Smartphone users quickly have information on a plant directly for the pfaf.

Further information can unoxia found on the Weeds in Australia site. Genus name comes from an Indian vernacular name. The seeds, as well as the entirety of this plant, act as deliriantsbut have a high probability of overdose. This is a potent cholinergic-blocking hallucinogen, which has been used to calm schizoid patients[].