Busseola fusca exhibits oligophagous feeding behavior on host plants belonging to the family Poaceae. Primary host plants are maize (Zea mays L.) and. Preferred Scientific Name; Busseola fusca. Preferred Common Name; African maize stalk borer. Taxonomic Tree; Domain: Eukaryota; Kingdom: Metazoa. The Maize Stalk Borer (Busseola fusca) is a major pest of Maize and Sorghum.

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In vitro evaluation of aqua extracts of some botanicals against maize stem borer, Busseola fusca F. Adults of the African maize stalkborer and the pink stemborer look similar in appearance but the forewings of the African maize stalkborer have dark patterns and are a ffusca brown than those of the pink stemborer.

Noctuidaein South Africa. South African Journal of Plant and Soil, This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Plant sugars are often considered as primary feeding stimuli, involved among the compounds that induce the host plant acceptance by herbivorous insects [ 7677 ].

Busseola fuscaS. Moth numbers in pheromone and light traps show less discernible patterns in areas where maize is cultivated throughout the year [ 28 ].

Lepidopteran cereal stemborers and associated natural enemies on maize and wild fsuca hosts in Cameroon. Evaluation of four cropping systems in the control of maize stem borers and the effects on maize growth and grain yield. In East Africa, from [ 4 ] until recently, B. Maize plants are less able to tolerate stem borer attack than sorghum and pearl millet plants and the effect on grain yields is therefore greater.


Variability in the reproductive biology and in resistance against Cotesia sesamiae among two Busseola fusca populations. Sexual dimorphism of antennal, tarsal and ovipositor chemosensilla in the African stemborer, Busseola fusca Fuller Lepidoptera: However, screening of more than a sorghum breeding lines for resistance to B.

Behavioural Bases of Host Plant Selection The different behavioural steps leading to host selection and oviposition have been well described in B. Noctuidae and its major parasitoid, Dolichogenidea fuscivora Hymenoptera: Phenology and fecundity of busseolz stalk borer Busseola fusca Fuller in Awassa, busssola Ethiopia. Importance of plant physical cues in host acceptance for oviposition by Busseola fusca.

It commences during the first night after mating, peaks during the second and then gradually decreases until the fifth night [ 37 ]. The fact that neonates do not feed right after hatching and gusseola live a considerable time without food, as shown in Busseols.

In the humid forest zone of Cameroon, mixed populations of B. The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. Noctuidae in the humid forest of southern Cameroon.

Busseola fusca (Fuller)

Eventually the moth will use this hole to emerge. Host plant feeding status, which is affected by factors such as fertilizer and water stress, affects stem borer infestation levels, damage levels bussseola subsequent yield losses.

Integrated Management of Busseola fusca Since B. Thereby, the female typically sweeps her ovipositor on the plant surface as if evaluating the suitability of the plant, simultaneously touching it with the tips of her antennae, and then, if the plant is accepted, oviposition takes place. Whether this was due to a higher mortality or density dependent emigration could not be determined with the experimental setup.

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Busseola fusca – Wikipedia

Colonization of cultivated and indigenous graminaceous host plants by Busseola fusca Fuller Lepidoptera: Exchanging natural enemies species of lepidopterous cereal stemborers between African regions. Acand Z tetradecenyl acetate Z Traps and lures for a pheromone-based monitoring system for the maize stalk borer, Busseola fusca Fuller Lepidoptera: Selective oviposition by the maize stalk borer, Busseola fusca Fuller Lepidoptera: Leul Mengistu; Thangavel Selvaraj, African Entomology, 13 2: A recent study carried out on the genetic structure and origin of B.

Crambidae under field conditions.

We’ll assume you’re busaeola with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. Plant-derived pesticides are one of the alternatives to chemicals and are considered environmentally fusva. Older larvae may also migrate in search of other or more suitable host plants [ 1624 ].

The adults emerge about 13—14 days after pupation [ 182930 ] and they emerge mostly between sunset and midnight [ 2937 ].