BETWEEN OXUS AND JUMNA PDF

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Between Oxus and Jumna: A Journey in India, Pakistan, and Afghanistan [Arnold J. Toynbee] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Between Oxus and Jumna [Arnold Joseph Toynbee] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Between Oxus And Jumna [Arnold Toynbee] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Between the rivers of Oxus and Jumna (that is from Iran.

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In May it is going to take me eight or nine days to get to Jam and back from Herat, the nearest city. What a sheet-anchor for the fortunate Gardezis in this swiftly chang- ing world.

Not content with its mad escapade between Jallalabad and Sarobi, the modern road, on its way Kabul-wards, continues to hug the river, above Sarobi, along the Tang-i-Garu. They, too, took an active part in the game of invad- ing India.

However did they get there? After the overthrow of the First Persian Empire by Alexander, the Greek invaders felt themselves at home again when they reached the vine-clad country of the Paro- panisadae, at the southern approach to the passes leading northwards over the Central Hindu Kush; and in Bactria, north of the passes and between the Hindu Kush and the Oxus, they planted their civilization so successfully that its influence lasted here for centuries.

Between Oxus and Jumna by Arnold Joseph Toynbee

The Pakistan Government loses some customs revenue, but it turns a blind eye, and this is surely politic. Gurpreet Singh rated it liked it Jan 30, Yet this labour had left it still practically valueless. The discussion was lively, betwden all on a high intellectual level. At Ludra, for which we were bound, there is a Jain temple containing a hallowed image of the last Jain tirthankara but one, and these human bus-loads were pilgrims returning from a pilgrimage that had been the life-long ambition of every man and woman begween the party.

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A river, flowing round the foot of the great amd, provides a natural moat for about half the perimeter. A Human Watershed Water and mercury are not the only things that flow. Share your thoughts with other customers.

The British, on their side, can claim credit for having taken this lesson to heart.

Between Oxus and Jumna

We were two Englishmen, one Afghan, and four Pakistanis. The friendships that I made have been, for me, the greatest gain of all. The passes over the Hindu Kush are few. In its virgin state it could do no more for Man than provide exiguous pasture for a few goats and sheep. Want to Read Currently Reading Read. That morning, on the road from Mukur to Qandahar, I had seen a living replica of a Volker- wanderung that had changed the course of history twenty- one centuries ago.

Be the first to review this item Would you like to tell us about a lower price? But up there, on the moun- tain, all is still. In the early centuries of the Christian Era it was bestridden by oxud Kushan Empire.

In a betweej minutes we were enjoying our first sight of the mighty River Helmand flowing past below the windows of our lodgings. Up here, too, just as down betqeen, the north- western horizon is bounded by that chain of fantastically jagged little mountains. Sundaram Ramchandran marked it as to-read Apr 18, The Director of Public Works himself was on the scene, in charge of operations.

This is the most direct, but also the highest, of three passes — Salang, Shibar, and Khawak — that cross this section of the Hindu Kush and link the Indo-Pakistani Sub-continent with Central Asia.

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The Betewen or Turkmen pastoral nomad is content to keep himself and his family and his livestock perpetually on the move in order to keep in step with the changing seasons. Fortunately, an army of road-menders was busily bulldozing these heaps of rubble into jhmna gaps in the road that had been torn by the rage of the river. It stands in the middle of an inverted delta, just above the meet- ing-points of the five tributaries on their way to join the sovereign river.

1961 Between Oxus and Jumna by Toynbee s

Travelling north-eastward across the Oxus, the Aramaic alphabet was used successively for writing a Central Asian Iranian language, Soghdian, a Central Asian Turkish language, Uighur, and eventually also Mongol and Manchu. This section of the corridor is the valley of the Tarnak River. A flock of sheep flows, and so does a troop of nomads. When I was standing in front of this Afghan monument to fallen British soldiers, I felt what I have felt in the presence of German war-graves in countries invaded by the Germans in one or other of the two world wars.

Only yesterday, the rajahs and thakurs were still in the saddle. But this spoke volumes. Thanks for telling us about the problem. But the ten miles from Jaisalmer to Ludra were more arduous than the two hundred from York to Edinburgh. Nationality and the WarThe Armenian Atrocities: The passage over the Hindu Kush may sound forbidding, and so indeed it was and is.