Aryabhata, also called Aryabhata I or Aryabhata the Elder, (born , possibly Ashmaka or Kusumapura, India), astronomer and the earliest Indian. Aryabhata(some time misspelled as ‘Aryabhatta’) was one of the first Indian mathematicians and astronomers belonging to the classical age. He was born in In [8] it is claimed that Aryabhata was born in the Asmaka region of the Vakataka dynasty in South India although the author accepted that he lived most of his life.

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Kommissionsverlag Leeman AG, The work was written in verse couplets and deals with mathematics and astronomy.

Autobiography of aryabhatta –

It is one of the earliest astronomical works to assign the start of each day to midnight. There were not exactly scores of other opportunities for him to take advantage during the classical era as institutions in which to learn astronomy were likely very limited.

Within the work, information is revealed about the table of sines, progressions in geometry and arithmetic, the relationship of time, the positions of the planets, and insights into celestial spheres. Indian Journal of History of Science. A verse mentions that Aryabhata was the head of an institution kulapa at Kusumapura.

Autobiography of aryabhatta

Webarchive template wayback links Webarchive template webcite links Articles containing Marathi-language text CS1 maint: It also contains continued fractionsquadratic equationssums-of-power series, and a table of sines.

After Aryabhatiya was translated into Arabic c.

In the case of Mercury and Venus, they move qutobiography the Earth at the same mean speed as the Sun. He correctly deduced that the orbits of the planets are ellipses; this is another great discovery not credited to him but to Johannes Kepler a German astronomer, born AD Aryabhata was an ancient Indian mathematician-astronomer. The dates of the Jalali calendar are based on actual solar transit, as in Aryabhata and earlier Siddhanta calendars. By this rule the circumference of a circle with a diameter of 20, can be approached.


The positions and periods of the planets was calculated relative to uniformly moving points.

Instead of the prevailing cosmogony in which eclipses were caused by Rahu and Ketu identified as the pseudo-planetary lunar nodeshe explains eclipses in terms of shadows cast by and falling on Earth. In Ganita Aryabhata names the first 10 decimal places and gives algorithms for obtaining square and cubic roots, using the decimal number system. Thus, the lunar eclipse occurs when the Moon enters into the Earth’s shadow verse gola.

By using this site, you agree to allow cookies to be placed. An Introduction to the History of Mathematics 6 ed. Archived from the original on 5 January Aryabhata himself may not have given it a name. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. As mentioned, Aryabhata advocated an astronomical model in which the Earth turns on its own axis. Aryabhata I, Aryabhata the Elder.

Walter Eugene Clark David Pingree. Aryabhata correctly insisted that the earth rotates about its axis daily, and that the apparent movement of the stars is a relative motion caused by the rotation of the earth, contrary to the then-prevailing view, that the sky rotated.

The Aryabhatiya presented a number of innovations in mathematics and astronomy in verse form, which were influential aryqbhata many centuries.

For his explicit mention of the relativity of motion, he also qualifies as a major early physicist. This type of calendar requires an ephemeris for calculating dates. Portions of the work were quoted in other works and this has allowed it to avoid becoming lost. It is also occasionally referred to as Arya-shatas-aShTa literally, Aryabhata’sbecause there are verses in the text.

Your email address will not be published. Some historians believe, although there is no concrete proof this is the case, that Aryabhata would go on to become the actual person in charge of the university located at Nalanda.


In general, diophantine equations, such as this, can be notoriously difficult. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Balachandra Rao [First published ]. When Arabic writers translated his works from Sanskrit into Arabic, they referred it as jiba. Fragments of the Arya-siddhanta Another work known as the Arya-siddhanta is really only known through references to it in the works of Varahamihira, Brahmagupta, and Bhaskara I.

In fact, he is considered to be the first great mathematician in a long line of visionary mathematicians who would emerge from India from the classical era onward. In other projects Wikimedia Commons Autoblography Wikisource.

Retrieved 24 June In Ganitapada, he gives the area of a triangle as: His major work, Aryabhatiyaa compendium of mathematics and astronomy, was extensively referred to in the Indian mathematical literature and has survived to modern times. Later writers substituted it with jaibmeaning “pocket” or “fold in a garment “. Archived from the original PDF on 31 March His disciple Bhaskara I calls it Ashmakatantra or the treatise from the Ashmaka. Aryabhata described a geocentric model of the solar system, in which the Sun and Moon are each carried by epicycles.

Aryabhata the Elder

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Aryabhata. Calendric calculations devised by Aryabhata and his followers have been in continuous use in India for the practical purposes of fixing the Panchangam the Hindu calendar.

This problem was also studied in ancient Chinese mathematics, and its solution is usually referred to as the Chinese remainder theorem. Unfortunately, not all of what he had written still exists. LallaBhaskara IBrahmaguptaVarahamihira.

Leonardo da Vinci, Italian: