Abu al-Hasan Ali Ibn Muhammad Ibn Habib al-Mawardi known in Latin as Alboacen ( CE), was an Islamic jurist of the Shafi’i school most remembered for his works on religion, government, the caliphate, and public and constitutional law during a time of political turmoil. the Mu’tazila school of thought, the great (orthodox) Shafi’i jurist al-Subki (d. Al-Mawardi’s main political thought is embodied in his. Al-Ahham al-Sultaniyah. Only a small portion of the work is however devoted to political theory, the rest of . Mawardi, Abu al-Hasan al-. (d. ). Shafii jurist who wrote the most significant classical theoretical explanation of public law in relation to political theory.

Author: Fesho Dishakar
Country: Guadeloupe
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Technology
Published (Last): 16 November 2012
Pages: 313
PDF File Size: 8.29 Mb
ePub File Size: 13.2 Mb
ISBN: 133-3-87678-484-6
Downloads: 94511
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Goltizilkree

Edinburgh Research Archive

The Muslims without any tinge of resentment or cause of rivalry accepted Umer as the next Caliph not on the suggestion of Abu Bakr but in obedience to his order as Caliph. He explains various branches of government in the light of the teachings of the Holy Quran, hadiths and period of the pios caliphs. A non-Muslim citizen may be appointed as minister execution. He may be deposed if he becomes morally degraded and his immoral acts are dangerous for the collectible interests.

A and also to the sudden collapse of the powerful Umayyads. Therefore, he presents his theory of imamate within the limits of Shariah. An emotional person is not in position to handle difficult situations. Like his predecessor, al-Mawardi stresses on justice and qaza.


He, therefore, got all his education here and rose in literary renown at an early age. It means to consult. He discards tyrannical attitude of the sovereign. Mawardi opines that, seven qualities are required for a person aspiring mawarvi this office and these are honesty, confidence, absence of greed, good relationship with the people, intelligence and the wisdom of grasping the truth of things, absence of luxury and amorousness, and lastly, diplomacy and experience.

For four hundred years the Muslims were engaged in conquest and empire building, but they could not evolve any concrete pattern of pplitical or administration. The great republic of Madina was built on the highest and purest ideals of democracy.

Political science: Al-Mawardi

Even Abu Bakr could not devise the theoretical foundations of the Caliphate, for during the last moments of his life he said that the one great regret he had was that he could not ask the Prophet to enlighten him on three problems.

This office therefore, is the outcome of Ijma. Like other Muslims he received the traditional education, and he wrote on many topics besides law, like, a Commentary on the Quran, a treatise on prophecy and several works on Ethics.

Therefore, to facilitate the new election he fixed a procedure that was least pregnant with evil and the best guarantee against civil discord. Aits basic principle remained permanent and operative. As a judge he served at various places and was finally posted in Baghdad. He must also be a descendant of the Quraish. Distinguished between religious millah and sociopolitical ummah forms of human association. The act of rebellion in such an eventuality was not regarded as a crime but as a vindication of the fundamental rights of people.


He especially prepared himself for the judicial profession and obtained an appointment in the State service. This flimsy emphasis on the Qurayshite descent is a formidable hit on the claims of Fatimids.

The institute of Imamate is necessary as a requirement of the Shariah and not as a requirement of reason. He is of the opinion that it is a very respected office therefore, in normal conditions a judge should not be removed from his office.

His character must be exemplary.

The argument has been derived from the battle of Mutah, in which the Prophet P. With the passage of time Itihad was also introduced.

H thokght also of the companions and successors were complied. It was the suppression of this right that exposed the Muslim state to disruption and decay.

Muslim Political ThoughtAl-Mawardi – CSS Forums

H to take the counsel of the Muslims in matters of state. After maqardi fall of the Pious Caliphate, the idea of democratic caliphate passed into monarchical system without any ideological conflict. It is very interesting to note that Mawardi presents a concept of parliamentary cabinet.

It often engendered palace intrigues and gave rise to internecine wars and dynastic feuds. Imam is to provide guidance to the minister delegation.